LIVONIA

LIVONIA
vulgo la LIVONIE Gallis, LIFFLANDT Germanis. Alias suberat Regi Poloniae, nunc autem post plurimos motus Regi Sueciae pro maiori parte subst. Terminatur a Sept. sinu Finnico, ab Occ. Rigensi s. mari Baltico, a Mer. Semigalliâ et Lithuaniâ, et ab Ortu Ingriâ ac Plescoviâ provinciis Moscoviae. Dividitur in duas partes, nempe in Esthoniam. Esten, quae in Bor. tendit. et in Litlandiam, Letten, quae ad Austr. Esthonia autem dividitur etiam in plures tractus, nempe in alentakiam, Esthoniam propriam, Hariam, Ierviam, Oldenpoam, Viriam. et Vicheslandiam. Partes etiam sunt Livoniae insulae Osilia, Oesel, et Daghoz. Dagho, in mari Baltico et in sinu Regensi quae antea Regi Daniae suberant, nunc autem Suecici iuris sunt ab A. C. 1645. Erant etiam im Livonia Ducatus Curlandiae et Semigalliae; sed nunc ab ab ea revulsi, subsunt proprio Duci e gente Ketlera, subclientela tamen Regis Poloniae. Ceterum regio est siliginis et frumenti perdives, quod deinde fluviis Duinâ et Neuvâ ad portus maris, indeque ad exteras regiones emittit. In silvis ap ros habet, ursos, alces, vulpes, lynces, castores omnisque generisanimalia, quae e Moscovia veniunt, a qua Nervâ tantum fluvio separatur. Ad fidem Livones, alias naturâ feroces, conversi sunt primum per mer catores Bremenses, qui primi illis in locis Christianismi semina sparsêrunt. circa A. C. 1161. Meinradus dein Ep. super hoc fundamento aedificavit; circa A. C. 1190. sedemque Episcopalem Rigae erexit: cuius successor Bertholdus, cum vi potius atque armis, quam verbo uteretur, ab iis trucidatus est. Hunc Albertus excepit, qui fratres s. equites ordinis Ensiferorum, qui postea iunctus Teutonico, ad propagationem fideique defensionem adscivit, sub sinem Sec. 12. quiâ Waldemaro Daniae Rege adiuti rem egregie gessêrunt, A. C. 1223. aliisque temporibus. Postea albertus Brandeburgicus. magnus eius Magister, cum Euangelium esset amplexus, Gualterus Ordinem Livonicum a Prossicoiterum separavit: cuius successor Gulielmus fuit Fur stenbergius, A. C. 1535. quia Moscis, Livoniam raptantibus, captivusabductus est. Ultimus erat Gothardus Kettlerus, quem Sigismundus Aug. (Poloniae Rex patris exemplum. qui Teutonico ordineabolito Prussiam Polonici iuris fecerat, secutus,) Curlandiae et Semigalliae Ducem creavit, ordineque exstincto Livoniam reguo adiunxit. In hacregione, sicut et in Lithuan ia, aliisque in locis, rustici plerumque Nobilium mancipia sunt. Vide Ortel.
Geogr. Chythraeum Hist. Sax. Neugebaur. Hist. Pol. Chr. Bccmannum Hist. Orbis Terr. Geogr. et Civ. etc.
Livoniae urbes praecipuae.
Dunenbrugum, Dunenbourg.
Felinum, Felin.
Hapselia, Hapsel.
Kockenhusia, Kcckenhauff.
Lehalium, Lehal.
Narva, Narva.
Pirnavia, Pernaw.
Revalia, Revel.
Riga, Rigae s. Riig.
Segevoldia, Segevold et Sevold.
Torpatum, Derpt.
Volmaria, Wolmer.
Omnes subsunt Suecis, sed Dunenburgum nunc subest Polonis, pace ad Olivam sancitâ.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Livonia — ( li. Līvõmō, Latvian and lt. Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa ; Finnish: Liivinmaa ; German and Swedish: Livland ; Polish: Inflanty , Liwlandia ; ru. Лифляндия / Liflyandiya ) was once the land of the Finnic Livonians inhabiting the principal… …   Wikipedia

  • Livonia — Livonia. Historia de Letonia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Livonia — Livonia, MO U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 114 Housing Units (2000): 62 Land area (2000): 0.265885 sq. miles (0.688640 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.265885 sq. miles (0.688640 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Livonia — steht für: den historischen Name für Livland, eine Landschaft und ehemalige Provinz im Baltikum Baltische Corporation Livonia Dorpat, eine baltische Studentenverbindung Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Livonia (Indiana) Livonia (Louisiana)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Livonia — alguna vez fue el área habitado por los livonios, pero en la Edad Media vino a designar un territorio mucho más extenso controlado por la Orden de Livonia en las costas orientales del Mar Báltico en las actuales Letonia y Estonia. Sus fronteras… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Livonia, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 112 Housing Units (2000): 50 Land area (2000): 1.044527 sq. miles (2.705312 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.044527 sq. miles (2.705312 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Livonia, LA — U.S. town in Louisiana Population (2000): 1339 Housing Units (2000): 545 Land area (2000): 1.806323 sq. miles (4.678355 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.806323 sq. miles (4.678355 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Livonia, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 100545 Housing Units (2000): 38658 Land area (2000): 35.718113 sq. miles (92.509485 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.119188 sq. miles (0.308696 sq. km) Total area (2000): 35.837301 sq. miles (92.818181 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Livonia, MO — U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 114 Housing Units (2000): 62 Land area (2000): 0.265885 sq. miles (0.688640 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.265885 sq. miles (0.688640 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Livonia, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1373 Housing Units (2000): 560 Land area (2000): 1.021947 sq. miles (2.646830 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.021947 sq. miles (2.646830 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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